I began to discover the profound aspects of adding color and metal to my sculptures a few years ago with Pulsar.  Moving a bit more in that direction with Singularity, I wanted to further enhance the shimmer effect on top of the visual patterns inherent with all of my other sculptures.  Singularity also is the result of a simplified pulley system that drives the pattern wheels.   Singularity's pattern wheels are driven by a single pulley at the lower right, unlike Betelgeuse's pattern wheels that are driven by multiple pulleys.  The simplified pulley system came with the challenge of developing a new mechanism to drive the pattern wheels - a process that took some time but eventually lead to great success.

Upon testing early prototypes of Singularity, I discovered the reflective, colorful appearance of the pattern wheels caught the attention of viewers so much so that I decided to accent other parts of the sculpture with colored metal inlays.

Singularity is available in an assortment of colors.  The colored metal is aluminum coated with an atomized polymer. 

Singularity is propelled by a stainless steel constant force spring that is fully wound by placing an index finger next to one of the spokes ofthe lower right drive wheel and turning counterclockwise for about 22 turns. Once the drive wheel is released, the sculpture will receive its first 'push' from the spring which lasts less than 2 seconds. The spring will not be needed again until either pattern wheel slows enough to rotate backwards.  The pattern wheels spin in opposite directions and are completelyindependent from each other.  When the rear pattern  wheel rotates backwards, a mechanism is tripped that allows the spring to impart another 'push' to the pattern wheels.  This cycle continues for up to 12 hours